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A pure created spirit, sent by God as a messenger to humans.
There are vast numbers of angels in three great ranks. Each rank consists of three choirs of angels; nine choirs in all. Nearest to God are the seraphs, the cherubs, and the thrones. Their entire existence is glorifying, loving and praising God. They have such an intense relationship with God that they let nothing interfere with their adoration. Second are the dominions, virtues, and powers, which receive divine mysteries from the highest rank and teach them to the lowest. The third rank, nearest to us, are the principalities, archangels, and angels, which protect nations, cities, and churches as well as individuals. God assigns a holy angel to each of us as our guardian angel, to help us resist demonic and human temptation. We need the help of our guardian angel because of our concupiscence.
During the war in heaven Rv 12 a third of the angels fought against God and fell from heaven. The holy angels of all ranks are commonly called angels. The fallen angels are called demons or devils.
Catechism of the Catholic Church # 328-336
New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia
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