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A codex is an original parchment manuscript. The Codex Sinaiticus and the Codex Vaticanus are the primary sources for the text of the Old Testament and the New Testament.
The Codex Sinaiticus is a late fourth-century manuscript of the Greek Bible. It contains the entire Old Testament, all the books of the New Testament, the Epistle of Barnabas, and part of the Shepherd of Hermas. It is written on vellum, with each page in four columns. Several hands took part in the writing, and the text has been revised by a number of correctors.
The Codex Vaticanus is a fourth-century manuscript of the Greek Bible, now in the Vatican Library. In the New Testament, everything after Hebrews 9:14 has been lost. The sheets are fine vellum, probably antelope skin. Each page is divided into three columns, with forty lines in each column. It was discovered in 1844 in the Orthodox monastery of St. Catherine on Mt. Sinai, hence its name. It was moved to the Imperial Library at St. Petersburg and sold by the Soviet government to the British Museum in 1933.
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