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Gluttony is excessive and uncontrolled preoccupation with food and drink. It includes excessive and uncontrolled eating and drinking, excessive liking for exquisite food and drink, and excessive fastidiousness about food and drink. Excessive drinking is a venial sin if it causes partial loss of reason, and mortally sinful if it causes complete loss of reason. We conquer gluttony by the consistent practice of temperance, and by reflecting on Jesus’ words, Jn 6:27 “Do not labor for the food which perishes, but for the food which endures to eternal life.”
Gluttony is one of the seven capital sins. The others are pride, avarice, envy, wrath, lust, and sloth. All the sins we commit are said to flow from these seven capital sins.
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